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What does a home inspector check?

What does a home inspector check?

A home inspection is a limited, visual examination of the condition of a home. A home inspection provides a thorough assessment of the home’s safety and condition. It can give you a great idea of how much general upkeep has been taken care of and give a snapshot in time of the home in question. The ten major things a home inspector checks are the Grounds, Structure, Roof, Exterior, Windows, Doors & Trim, Electrical, Plumbing, Kitchen, Bathroom & Interior Rooms.


When a home inspector checks the grounds of a home, most are looking at the way the water moves away from the foundation. The main areas checked are the service walks, driveway, steps, patio, deck or balcony, fence, retaining walls, tree’s overhang or potential root problems, and landscaping.


The structure of a home is at all times resisting gravity, wind, water and seismic movement. The structural components of a home are the foundation, floor structure, wall structure, ceiling structure and roof structure. The structure must reliably resist all forces over time, while maintaining safe living conditions.


During a home inspection, a qualified inspector meticulously assesses various crucial elements of the roof to ensure the structural integrity and longevity of the property. This includes a thorough examination of the roof’s covering materials, such as shingles or tiles, checking for any signs of wear, damage, or missing pieces. The inspector also scrutinizes the condition of flashing around chimneys and vents, aiming to detect potential water intrusion points. Additionally, they assess the gutters and downspouts for proper drainage, evaluating whether they effectively direct water away from the foundation. Overall, a comprehensive roof inspection not only addresses current issues but helps homeowners anticipate and prevent potential roofing problems, contributing to the overall health and resilience of the home.


In the exterior assessment of a home inspection, inspectors scrutinize various components to ensure the property’s overall health and durability. They examine the condition of siding materials, looking for signs of damage, decay, or potential pest infestations. Windows and doors are inspected for proper sealing, functionality, and energy efficiency. The foundation is thoroughly examined for cracks, shifts, or any structural concerns that might compromise the stability of the house. The inspector evaluates the grading and drainage around the property, aiming to prevent water accumulation that could lead to foundation issues or basement flooding. Outdoor structures such as decks and patios are inspected for safety and structural integrity. By conducting a meticulous examination of the exterior, a home inspector provides valuable insights into the condition of a property, ensuring that homeowners are aware of any potential issues that may require attention.

Windows, Doors & Trim

In the inspection of windows, doors, and trim during a home inspection, inspectors focus on ensuring functionality, security, and energy efficiency. Windows are examined for proper sealing, signs of moisture intrusion, and the condition of frames and sashes. Door inspections include checks for alignment, smooth operation, and the integrity of locks and hinges. Trim components are scrutinized for any visible damage or deterioration. The inspector assesses the overall condition of weather stripping and caulking around windows and doors to identify potential air leaks that could impact energy efficiency. This meticulous examination of windows, doors, and trim not only contributes to the safety and security of the home but also aids in identifying areas where improvements can be made to enhance energy conservation and overall comfort.


During a comprehensive home inspection, the electrical system is a focal point for inspectors to ensure safety and compliance with current standards. Inspectors examine the electrical panel, checking for proper labeling, secure connections, and the absence of any visible signs of overheating. They assess the functionality of circuit breakers and fuses, ensuring they match the corresponding circuits. Outlets and switches are tested for proper operation, and inspectors often use tools to detect any wiring issues or potential electrical hazards. Light fixtures are inspected for secure installation and proper illumination. Additionally, inspectors may assess the grounding system and the presence of Ground Fault Circuit Interrupters (GFCIs) in critical areas like bathrooms and kitchens. A thorough electrical inspection aims to identify any deficiencies or safety concerns, promoting a secure and reliable electrical system within the home.


In the meticulous examination of a home’s plumbing system during an inspection, inspectors focus on ensuring functionality, identifying potential issues, and verifying compliance with safety standards. They assess the water supply and distribution, checking for leaks, proper pressure, and ensuring adequate flow in all fixtures. Drainage systems, including sinks, tubs, and toilets, are inspected for proper operation and to detect any signs of blockages or leaks. Inspectors examine visible pipes for corrosion or damage, and they assess the condition of water heaters for safety and efficiency. Plumbing fixtures such as faucets and showerheads are tested for functionality and potential water waste. Additionally, inspectors often check for the presence of shut-off valves and verify that they are in good working condition. Overall, a thorough plumbing inspection provides homeowners with valuable insights into the condition of their plumbing system, helping prevent potential issues and ensuring a reliable water supply within the home.

Interior Rooms

In the assessment of interior rooms during a home inspection, inspectors thoroughly examine various components to ensure the overall safety, functionality, and condition of the living spaces. Inspectors check walls, ceilings, and floors for any visible signs of water damage, cracks, or structural issues. They assess the condition of windows, ensuring they open and close properly while also examining the integrity of locks and seals. The inspector evaluates the functionality of electrical outlets, switches, and lighting fixtures in each room. Plumbing fixtures, such as sinks, tubs, and toilets, are inspected for proper operation and potential leaks. Inspectors may also check for the presence of safety features like smoke detectors and ensure they are in good working condition. The inspection of interior rooms provides homeowners with a comprehensive understanding of the condition of their living spaces, helping them address any issues and maintain a safe and comfortable home environment.

In conclusion, a home inspection is a thorough and invaluable process that covers a spectrum of essential elements, ensuring your property stands strong and safe. From the grounds to the interior rooms, a skilled home inspector meticulously examines each facet—evaluating the structure’s integrity, roof condition, exterior durability, and the functionality of critical systems like electrical and plumbing. Windows, doors, and trim are scrutinized for security and energy efficiency, contributing to a well-insulated and secure home. The inspection extends to the heart of the home, with the kitchen and bathroom assessed for functionality and potential issues. By addressing these ten major aspects, a home inspector provides homeowners with a comprehensive overview, empowering them to make informed decisions and maintain a residence that is not only comfortable but also built to last.